Society of Wetland Scientists Professional Certification Program
Society of Wetland Scientists
Professional Certification Program

Certification Information

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Standing Rules
Renewal Process

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Wetland Scientist

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Standing Rules

Section 1 Duties of the President.
Section 2 Duties of the President-elect.
Section 3 Duties of the Secretary-General.
Section 4 Duties of the Secretary-General-elect.
Section 5 Duties of the Treasurer.
Section 6 Duties of the Treasurer-elect.
Section 7 Duties of the Immediate Past President.
Section 8 Terms of appointment and duties of the Certification Standards Committee and Chair.
Section 9 Terms of appointment and duties of the Certification Review Panel and Chair.
Section 10 Terms of appointment and duties of the Certification Renewal Committee and Chair.
Section 11 Terms of appointment and duties of the Nomination Committee and Chair.
Section 12 Terms of appointment and duties of the Appeals Board and Chair.
Section 13 Terms of appointment and duties of the Ethics Committee and Chair.
Section 14 Terms of appointment and duties of the Archivist.
Section 15 Terms of appointment and duties of the Outreach Committee and Chair.
Section 16 Terms of appointment and duties of the Insurance Committee and Chair.
Section 17 Terms of appointments for Committee members and Chairs.
Section 18 Professional Wetland Scientist and Wetland Professional In Training requirements for certification.
Section 19 Authority to contract with a Business office.
Section 20 Salaries and Expenses.
Section 21 Application, Maintenance and Renewal Fees.
Section 22 Finances.
Section 23 Rules of Order.
Section 24 Publications.
Section 25 Appeal Process.
Section 26 Certification Renewal Process.
Section 27 Ethics complaint filing and review process.
Section 28 Duties of the SWS/SWSPCP representative.
Section 29 Duties of the CESB Representative and Alternate.
Section 30 Duties of the Public Member.
Section 31 Terms of appointment and duties of the Professional Short Course Review Panel and Chair.
Section 32 Professional Short Course Pre-Approval Program Requirements and Standards

The following rules are established to assist the SWS Professional Certification Program Inc. in conducting the business of the Certification Program.

Section 1 - Duties of the President.

The President shall be responsible for the business of the Certification Program, establish special committees required for the business of the Certification Program, and exercise other responsibilities as necessary to operate the Certification Program.

Section 2 - Duties of the President-elect.

Duties of the President-elect are to assist the President and to perform the duties of the President when that officer is absent or unable to act.

Section 3 - Duties of the Secretary-General.

  1. Obtain quarterly updates from the business office of certified or pending applicants. Upon request from the Board of Directors, provide digital copies of such updates.
  2. Maintain and update the Certification Program Bylaws and Standing Rules.
  3. Record and read minutes of the annual meeting and the mid-year meeting of the Certification Program and all called meetings of the Board of Directors. Distribute minutes to Board members.
  4. Oversee development, procurement, brochures, postage, photocopying, stationery, and other items as needed or directed.

Section 4 - Duties of the Secretary-General-elect.

  1. Work closely with the Secretary-General on Certification Program affairs in order to be prepared to occupy the position at the end of the Secretary-General's term in office.
  2. Fulfill the term of Secretary-General should that individual not be able to continue in office.

Section 5 - Duties of the Treasurer.

  1. Administer the financial resources of the Certification Program, with the assistance of the business office.
  2. With the assistance of the business office, pay all bills and carry out financial transactions of the Certification Program as authorized by the President or the Board of Directors.
  3. Serve as liaison with the business office, and prepare appropriate status reports for the Board of Directors.
  4. With the assistance of the business office, prepare and file the Certification Program's income tax returns.
  5. Prepare an annual budget and present it at the annual meeting of the Certification Program.

Section 6 - Duties of the Treasurer-elect.

  1. Work closely with the Treasurer on Certification Program affairs in order to be prepared to occupy the position at the end of the Treasurer-elect term in office.
  2. Fulfill the term of Treasurer should that individual not be able to continue in office.

Section 7 - Duties of the Immediate Past President.

  1. The Immediate Past President performs the duties of President if both the President and President-elect are unable to act. The Immediate Past President shall serve as Parliamentarian at meetings.
  2. The Immediate Past President shall serve, with the SWS/SWSPCP Representative, as the Certification Programs' liaison to the Society of Wetland Scientists, Inc., Board of Directors. He or she will attend, upon invitation, all Board and Executive Board meetings of SWS.
  3. The Immediate Past President shall serve as a member of the Nomination Committee and the Ethics Committee.

Section 8 - Terms of appointment and duties of the Certification Standards Committee and Chair.

  1. The Certification Standards Committee Chair shall be appointed by the President and approved by the Board of Directors for a three year term and is responsible for leading and working with a committee of six Professional Wetland Scientists. The Chair shall nominate two of the Committee candidates based on geographical representation, sources of employment, education and experience background, and minority considerations. The terms shall be staggered. The fourth, fifth and sixth, Committee members shall be the chairs of the Certification Review Panel, Certification Renewal Panel, and the CESB Representative.
  2. The Certification Standards Committee reviews and makes recommendations to the Board for certification requirements on at least an annual basis. Updates to the certification program standards will occur no more frequently then every three years.

Section 9 - Terms of appointment and duties of the Certification Review Panel and Chair.

  1. The Certification Review Panel Chair shall be appointed by the President and approved by the Board of Directors for a three year term and is responsible for leading and working with a Review Panel of nine Professional Wetland Scientists. The Chair shall also serve as a member of the Certification Standards Committee. Panel members may be reappointed by the President with approval by the Board of Directors. The current Panel Chair shall assist the President in recommending appropriate Panel candidates based on geographical representation, sources of employment, education and experience background, and minority considerations. The Panel is appointed on a rotating basis, with three new members appointed each year.
  2. The Panel Chair presides over Panel meetings, which should occur at least annually.
  3. The Panel Chair shall have the authority to confer the status of Professional Wetland Scientist (PWS) or Wetland Professional In Training (WPIT) to applicants who meet all requirements set forth by the Standards Committee.
  4. The Panel Chair makes recommendations for certification requirement procedures to the Certification Standards Committee Chair based on specific experiences during processing of applications.
  5. The Panel Chair receives copies of all applications from the business office, receives all completed review forms from other panelists, and corresponds directly with applicants concerning any and all aspects of individual applications, including approvals and appeals.
  6. The Panel Chair records all decisions made by the Panel with the business office, who maintains master files of the Program.

Section 10 - Terms of appointment and duties of the Certification Renewal Committee and Chair.

  1. The Chair of the Certification Renewal Committee shall be appointed by the President and approved by the Board of Directors for a three year term and is responsible for leading and working with a committee of seven Professional Wetland Scientists, including the Chair. The Chair shall also serve as a member of the Certification Standards Committee. The Chair shall nominate Committee candidates to be approved by the Board based upon geographical representation, sources of employment, education and experience background, and minority consideration. The Chair may nominate additional members for temporary appointment to the Committee to help with periodic heavy renewal periods, subject to approval by the Board.
  2. Committee members shall serve three-year staggered terms in order that no more than three members shall rotate off the Committee annually. Initial appointments shall be as follows: Two-year term (2 persons), Three-year term (3 persons), and Four-year term (2 persons, including the Chair). Thereafter, appointments shall be for three-year terms.
  3. The Certification Renewal Committee shall meet at least once per year and the Committee shall review and evaluate applications for certification renewal as they are received during the year. The Committee shall annually provide the Certification Standards Committee with an evaluation of the appropriateness of certification renewal criteria and recommendations for changes.
  4. The Chair, or his or her designee, based upon recommendation of the Committee, shall have the authority to renew the certification of Professional Wetland Scientists for applicants who meet all requirements set forth by the Certification Renewal Committee and described in Section 25 of the Standing Rules.
  5. The Chair receives copies of all renewal applications from the business office, receives all completed review forms of other panelists, and corresponds directly with applicants concerning any and all aspects of renewal applications, including approvals and appeals.
  6. The Chair records all decisions made by the Committee with the business office which maintains the master files of the Program.

Section 11 - Terms of appointment and duties of the Nomination Committee and Chair.

  1. The Nomination Committee shall be appointed by the President and approved by the Board of Directors.
  2. The Nomination Committee will consist of the Chair, who will serve a three-year term, and the Immediate Past President, and one Professional Wetland Scientist, appointed by the President, who will serve a two year term.
  3. The Nomination Committee will solicit candidate nominations from Professional Wetland Scientists in good standing with SWSPCP, Inc., and propose a slate of nominations to the Board of Directors at each Mid-year Board meeting.

Section 12 - Terms of appointment and duties of the Appeals Board and Chair.

  1. The Chair of the Appeals Board shall be appointed by the President and approved by the Board of Directors for a three year term. The Appeals Board shall be comprised of three Professional Wetland Scientists in good standing.
  2. The term of the Appeals Board will be three years and rotation of members will be staggered.
  3. The Appeals Board will consider and rule on disputes in the certification and certification renewal process.

Section 13 - Terms of appointment and duties of the Ethics Committee and Chair.

  1. The Ethics Committee Chair shall be appointed by the President and approved by the Board of Directors and shall serve a three year term.
  2. The Ethics Committee will consist of the Immediate Past President, Chair of the Certification Standards Committee, Chair of the Certification Review Panel, Chair of the Appeals Board, and two certified PWS members appointed by the President to a three year term. The terms shall be staggered.
  3. The Ethics Committee will conduct hearings to review complaints concerning possible violations of the Society of Wetland Scientists Professional Certification Program, Inc., Code of Ethics and Professional Practice and will take appropriate action as specified in these standing rules.
  4. The Ethics Committee shall review the Code of Ethics and Professional Practice on an annual basis, and revise, if necessary. All proposed revisions must be approved by the Board of Directors.

Section 14 - Terms and appointment of Archivist.

  1. The Archivist shall be appointed by the President and approved by the Board of Directors for a three year term.
  2. The Archivist shall be responsible for developing criteria for determining what types of Certification Program records and materials will be archived, how and where they will be stored and accessed and the longevity of various materials in the archive.

Section 15 - Terms of appointment and duties of the Outreach Committee and Chair.

  1. The Outreach Committee Chair shall be appointed by the President and approved by the Board of Directors for a three year term and is responsible for leading and working with a three member committee. The Chair shall nominate Committee candidates to be approved by the Board of Directors.
  2. The Outreach Committee is charged with the promotion and development of public recognition of the SWSPCP. The Committee works to develop materials that describe the program to the public, governmental agencies and nonprofit groups. The Committee also seeks to promote the overall recognition of the benefits of professional certification to other wetland scientists and to develop professional ties to other appropriate organizations.

Section 16 - Terms of appointment and duties of the Insurance Committee and Chair.

  1. The Committee shall consist of a Chair and four additional Committee members. The Chair and Committee members shall be appointed by the President and approved by the Board of Directors. The Chair is responsible for leading and working with the committee. All Committee members shall serve for a three-year term. The Chair shall nominate qualified Committee candidates. In order to represent that portion of the certified individuals that has expressed the greatest desires and need for the Insurance Program, special consideration is to be given to appointing Committee members who are employed in the private (non-governmental or academic) and/or consulting wetland sciences.
  2. The Committee is appointed on a rotating basis, with one member appointed in the first year and two new members appointed for each of the two following years, in order to maintain a five-member committee. There shall be no limit on the number of terms to which a member can be appointed.
  3. The Committee facilitates reviews and makes recommendations to the Board for the insurance "program" for the certified individuals on an ongoing basis.

Section 17 - Terms of appointment and duties of Committee members and Chairs.

The term for all new appointments to standing committee members and Chairs shall begin immediately upon installation of the newly elected Board of Directors at the SWSPCP annual meeting irrespective of when appointment and approval occur. The term of appointment for all subsequent committee members and Chairs shall run from annual meeting to annual meeting for their specified term length.

Section 18 - Professional Wetland Scientist and Wetland Professional In Training requirements for certification.

Professional Wetland Scientist (PWS) certification is awarded by the SWSPCP, Inc., Certification Review Panel to individuals meeting education and experience requirements defined below. Certification as a Wetland Professional In Training (WPIT) is considered to be a preliminary step for persons who have completed educational requirements but do not meet the experience or specialized wetland course work requirements.
  1. College/University education. - All applicants must submit information that documents completion of the educational requirements leading to a college or university degree of Bachelor of Science, Bachelor of Arts, or equivalent or higher degree, and should have the following, or equivalent, course work acquired through a collegiate program:
    1. Biological Sciences: Fifteen (15) semester hours in biological sciences including courses such as general biology, botany or zoology; general ecology; plant, animal, aquatic or wetlands ecology; invertebrate zoology; taxonomy; marine science; fisheries biology; plant physiology, plant taxonomy, plant pathology, plant morphology; relevant environmental sciences; and similar courses.
    2. Physical Sciences: Fifteen (15) semester hours in courses in soils, chemistry, hydrology, physics, geology, sedimentology, oceanography, coastal processes, environmental engineering, and similar courses.
    3. Quantitative Sciences: Six (6) semester hours in courses in math, computer sciences, basic statistics, population dynamics, experimental statistics, and similar courses.
    4. Additional Educational Requirements for PWS Certification: As of June 1, 1999, fifteen (15) semester hours (or equivalent in short courses or continuing education courses) of specialized wetland course work (SWCW). SWCW is not required for WPIT certification. Examples of recommended courses, continuing education, and/or training needed to attain additional competency include, but are not limited to, the following: Wetland Plant Taxonomy; Advanced Plant Taxonomy; Wetland Hydrology; General Hydrology; Soil Morphology, Classification, and Mapping; Hydric Soil Identification; Wetland Restoration and Creation; Wetland Delineation/Evaluation/Classification; Applied Wetland Ecology and Management; Wetland Creation/Mitigation; Wetland Ecology; Stream Delineation, Assessment and Management. Attendance at professional meetings or symposia will NOT qualify to meet this requirement. A maximum of 5 semester hours, or equivalent hours, may be given for stream related training. For applicants trained outside the U.S. and Canada, it is recognized that most wetland training is achieved through specific wetland modules provided within courses that are generally identified with more encompassing subject matter or titles. Such courses may include geography, environmental sciences, earth sciences, ecosystem services, conservation, archeology, law, ethics, policy, economics, sustainable development, and participatory education. In such cases, applicants must provide the number of contact hours achieved within each course, along with a description of the wetland related module and contact hours for the wetland related module. Professional short courses cannot be used to satisfy the collegiate training requirements for biological, physical or quantitative science requirements.
    5. Applicants seeking credit for specialized wetland course work taken outside of the university setting where no official college credit was generated must provide the following information to assist the SWSPCP Certification Review Panel in assessing the applicability of the course in meeting the minimum hour requirement for specialized wetland courses:
      1. Name, date, location and sponsor of the course
      2. The number of classroom and/or field hours completed
      3. A description of the course content
    6. The educational requirements are expressed in terms of semester hours. One semester hour usually reflects one lecture or three laboratory hours of instruction per week for a 15 week term. One quarter hour normally equals 0.66 semester hours; therefore semester hours = quarter hours x 2/3. Professional short courses will be prorated based on 15 hours of instruction will equal 1 equivalent semester hour. For example, a 36 hour wetland delineation course will equal 2.4 equivalent semester hours.
    7. It is the applicant's responsibility to provide full documentation of education. When course titles do not describe content, a short, written description or course syllabus should be provided. Applicants who do not clearly meet the stated minimum educational requirements but believe they satisfy their content should submit detailed documentation of comparable qualifications. Professional work experience cannot be substituted for formal educational deficiencies.
  2. Qualifying Experience (PWS only). - In addition to the minimum collegiate courses required, a PWS must meet specific experience and wetlands-related education as outlined below: professional experience begins following conferral of the FIRST degree at a baccalaureate or higher level. Certification as a PWS requires a minimum of five (5) years of full-time professional experience, relevant experience must be gained within ten (10) years prior to applying for the PWS. Experience must demonstrate the application of current technical knowledge to problems and programs dealing with wetland resources and activities. Relevant experience may be gained while working in the private (e.g., consulting, industry, non-profit), public (e.g., local, state, federal government), and/or academic sectors.
    Identification of the professional level of experience will require careful evaluation of each application. Experience is calculated based upon applicant's description and documentation of percentage of time applied to relevant wetlands work. Therefore, it is the applicant's responsibility to fully document for each experience the percentage of time devoted specifically to professional wetland activities, providing month/year dates for each period(s) of experience. Full-time work experience is defined as a minimum 75% of daily/weekly/monthly duties devoted specifically to wetland science. Work experience below the 75% threshold will be credited on a pro-rated basis. NOTE: the terms "research" and "project" are generic. Examples of qualifying experience include:
    1. Engaging in research that includes field or laboratory observation, analysis of data, and preparation of a publication for recognized journals and/or published reports to private/public clients,
    2. Directing a research project with supervisory responsibility over several technicians,
    3. Serving as a leader or assistant leader on wetland-related projects requiring independent judgment and action,
    4. Teaching a college course or equivalent in wetlands science,
    5. Working as a wetlands specialist, scientist, or manager in the public (local, state, or federal agency) or private (industry, consultant, developer) sector,
    6. Directing a state-wide or district-wide wetlands program, conducting wetland restoration projects, wetland program planning, or conducting wetland delineation or evaluation.
  3. Examples of non-qualifying experience include:
    1. Teaching below college level,
    2. Carrying out routine responsibilities such as data collecting without statistical analysis, professional writing of someone else's work, making routine plant identification, conducting bioassay or other analytical laboratory determinations,
    3. Providing input to or review of environmental impact statements, unless as a wetland specialist,
    4. Working as an undergraduate or graduate research or teaching assistant,
    5. Involvement in wetland studies as an administrative function without application of principles and concepts of wetland science.
  4. Time spent obtaining advanced academic degrees may apply toward professional experience subject to the following guidelines.
    1. Experience credit normally will be given only upon completion of curriculum and research judged by the panel as relevant to the wetland profession.
    2. Up to two (2) years of credit will be allotted for a Master's degree, up to three (3) years of credit for a Ph.D., and up to four (4) years of credit for a Master's and a Ph.D. Credit allowed will be on a case-by-case basis based on relevance to the wetland sciences. The applicant should outline the wetlands relevance of the work leading to the degree(s) to ensure appropriate credit is given.
    3. When time intervals for education and employment overlap, a detailed explanation must be provided of the relevant portions of each. Experience must be gained within the ten (10) years prior to the date the application is signed.
  5. Documentation of Education and Experience. - Each applicant must include the following:
    1. A curriculum vita or resume documenting name, address, college/university degree(s), a list of relevant college/university courses, and documentation of full-time experience in wetland science.
    2. A list of citations for wetlands-related publications, technical reports, oral presentations, and other professional activities.
    3. Names, addresses and phone numbers of five (5) references must accompany an application for certification. Two of the five references must be from current Professional Wetland Scientists in good standing. PWS's who are not current in their maintenance dues will not be accepted as a PWS reference. One reference must be a member of the Society of Wetland Scientists in addition to the two PWS references. One reference must be an employer, supervisor or client. Three references must complete Form C, and at least one of the three must be a current PWS. For PWS, two of your references must be from professionals employed outside your own organization. Individuals who live outside the continental United States and Canada must provide five letters of reference. These individuals do not have to be a member of the Society of Wetland Scientists or be a Professional Wetland Scientist, although it is highly encouraged. Do not list personnel that you supervise. Indicate the category of each reference.
    4. Copies of all academic transcripts for all degrees conferred or courses taken (photocopies are acceptable).
    5. Applicant must also certify the accuracy of application documents and certify that they agree with the SWSPCP Code of Ethics and Professional Practice.
  6. Body of Knowledge: A Body of Knowledge developed from survey responses of SWSPCP Professional Wetland Scientists is available from the SWSPCP web site and the business office. The Body of Knowledge is a living document, revised every five years, and represents the evolving nature of wetland science. Applicants for certification should be familiar with the Body of Knowledge. As of January 1, 2012, the full applicant documentation package, including expertise statement, allows for a review by the Certification Panel of an applicant's fulfillment of the SWSPCP Body of Knowledge.
  7. Application Essay Statement of Expertise: Additional Requirements for PWS Certification: As of January 1, 2012, all applicants for PWS (not WPIT), including applicants for upgrade from WPIT to PWS, must submit an essay statement of expertise as part of the applicant's education and experience requirements. Applicants select one to three expertise areas from the application list to focus upon for their expertise statement. The list of expertise areas is based upon the Body of Knowledge. Applicants prepare a statement of expertise from their documented education and work experience.
  8. The statement of expertise (500 to 1000 words) should be a full description of the applicant's expertise and description of his or her role within the broad range of Wetland Science as defined by the SWSPCP Body of Knowledge. The statement of expertise will allow for an objective review by the Certification Review Panel of an applicant's fulfillment of the SWSPCP Body of Knowledge with respect to their personal expertise.
  9. SWSPCP Board and Committee members, as well as SWSPCP business office personnel involved in PCP activities, are prohibited from providing training for the purpose of passing essays or any other testing that is part of the PWS or WPIT certification application. This restriction does not preclude providing educational courses or training that may be used as part of an applicant's general academic requirements or continuing education activities.
  10. All applicants must pay a non-refundable application fee as prescribed in Section 21.
  11. Upgrading from WPIT certification to PWS certification.
  12. For an individual certified as a Wetland Professional In Training to apply for certification as a Professional Wetland Scientist, it is not necessary to complete the full application. The individual should document course work and other training and experience since the last application that will fulfill completely the requirements for PWS certification, and a statement of expertise essay must be included as indicated in Section (g) above. Professional accomplishments and publications should also be highlighted. The name and address of at least one new reference, preferably an individual verified as a PWS, should be included with the application, along with a check or money order for the difference between the WPIT and PWS application fees ($200.00 US). If the upgrade application is more than two years from the date a WPIT was awarded, three new Form Cs must be completed to reflect a current assessment of the applicant's professional work experience. The SWSPCP business office will attach a copy of the original application to the new material for submission to the Certification Review Panel. Review and approval of the upgrade application will then proceed in the same way as an original application.

Section 19 - Authority to Contract with a Business office.

The Board has the authority to enter into a contract with a business office to perform duties as described in a contractual agreement. The business management entity is synonymous with the business office, as referenced in these rules.

Section 20 - Salaries and Expenses.

The President, President-elect, Secretary-General, Treasurer, Immediate Past President, Certification Review Panel Chair, Certification Committee Chair, Certification Renewal Committee Chair and Appeal Board Chair or any other Board member, Committee member or Chair shall receive no salary for services. Board and Standing Committees members may receive compensation for expenses incurred for Board meetings and/or any other related expenses, as approved by the President.

Section 21 - Application, Maintenance and Renewal Fees.

All fees are non-refundable and are sent to the SWSPCP business office.
  1. Application Fees: Application fees are submitted with the completed application.
    Application Fees:Professional Wetland Scientist (PWS)Wetland Professional In Training (WPIT)
    SWS Member*$300.00 US$100.00 US
    Non-Member$400.00 US$200.00 US
                    *Note: SWS membership must be current at the time of application.
  2. Annual Maintenance Fee: Maintenance of certification as a PWS or WPIT requires an annual fee of $75.00. The fee is due upon receipt of a bill from the business office. Individuals are not required to submit an annual maintenance fee in the year in which they are certified.
  3. Five Year Certification Renewal Fee: A fee of $100 is required upon application for certification renewal. Applicants for emeritus status pay a one-time certification renewal fee of $150.00 (see Section 26 for certification renewal requirements).
  4. Upgrade Fee: A fee of $200 is required upon application to upgrade from a WPIT to a PWS.

Section 22 - Finances.

The Treasurer, with the assistance of the business office, shall maintain all finances. These funds shall be used to conduct the Certification Program's business, including insurance, and work to provide an endowment for the maintenance of the Certification Program in perpetuity with any available excess funds.

Section 23 - Rules of Order.

The Certification Program will adopt Robert's Rules of Order. The Immediate Past President will serve as Parliamentarian at Board and annual business meetings.

Section 24 - Publications.

The Board of Directors has the authority to delegate responsibilities for producing and distributing publications which further the objectives of the certification program.

Section 25 - Appeal Process.

Any applicant aggrieved by a decision of the Certification Review Panel or the Certification Renewal Committee has the right to request a review of the decision. The review shall be conducted by the Appeals Board. The format for the appeal is specified below:
  1. The applicant must submit a request for appeal to the SWSPCP, Inc. business office within 60 days of the date of the Certification Review Panel or Certification Renewal Committee decision. Specific reasons for the appeal must be stated by the applicant. Upon request by the Chair of the Appeals Board, the Chair of the Certification Review Panel or Certification Renewal Committee shall provide the comments and recommendation from the Review Panel or Renewal Committee that were used in reaching their decision.
  2. The SWSPCP, Inc. business office shall transmit the appeal and all appropriate application materials to each of the three members of the Appeals Board.
  3. The Appeals Board shall have 30 days from the time of receipt of an appeal to conduct a review of materials and prepare a finding. The finding will be prepared in writing from the Appeals Board Chair to the President.
  4. The President makes the final decision and responds to the applicant, with a copy of the response to the SWSPCP business office and the Certification Review Panel Chair, or Certification Renewal Committee Chair, as pertinent.

Section 26 - Certification Renewal Process.

SWSPCP, Inc., certifies certain individuals meeting minimum requirements to be Professional Wetland Scientist (PWS), Wetland Professional In Training (WPIT), and Professional Wetland Scientist (emeritus) as described in Section (a)(3) below. In order to promote the maintenance of high technical standards of PWS, SWSPCP, Inc. requires certification renewal at five-year intervals for PWS being certified after June 1, 2001. Individuals who were certified prior to June 1, 2001, will renew their certification as defined below in Section (a)(1). The process of certification renewal is defined below:
  1. Beginning June 1, 2001, newly certified PWS will be required to renew certification at five-year intervals from his/her current certification date. Exceptions to the above renewal dates include the following:
    1. Persons who were certified prior to 1 June 2000, have the following renewal certification dates:
      Original Certification YearLatest Renewal Date (December 31)
      19942006
      19952006
      19962006
      19972006
      19982007
      19992007
      20002007
      20012007
      20022007
    2. Persons who were certified before June 1, 2002 may elect to renew certification prior to the above dates, and the renewal cycle will begin at the date of renewal.
    3. PWS who have retired may wish to maintain active certification as described above or may apply for emeritus status. To qualify for emeritus status, an individual must be 65 years of age and have been a PWS for at least 10 years, or 60 years of age and have been a PWS for at least 15 years. An applicant for emeritus status must submit a one-time certification renewal fee of $150.00, statement of retirement, and evidence of age and certification duration as listed above. Upon meeting these criteria, the individual will be granted the status of PWS (emeritus) for life.
      Status of PWS (emeritus) waives the five year renewal requirement. Those granted the PWS (emeritus) status are still required to pay the annual maintenance fee. Additionally, those granted the PWS (emeritus) status must indicate such when using the designation (i.e., business cards, email signatures, etc.)
  2. Certification Renewal Criteria
    1. An individual applying for certification renewal must be a PWS in good standing with SWSPCP, Inc. Members who are in arrears with annual maintenance fees must bring fees current prior to processing of the certification renewal application.
    2. Certification shall be for a period of no greater than five years except as described above in Section (a)(1) and (a)(3) above.
    3. A PWS shall complete the Certification Renewal Application with supporting documentation and submit with a nonrefundable payment of $100 to SWSPCP, Inc. Documentation should be in the form of a letter from event sponsor, certificate of completion, attendance roster, or other independent attestation of completion. At a minimum, each record should include the name of the attendee, name of the sponsoring organization, activity title, activity description, activity date, and the duration of the activity.
    4. A PWS who fails to renew certification within the prescribed time period will be deactivated. Unless the renewal period is extended by exception as described below, a lapsed certification will require recertification under the current criteria.
    5. A PWS shall earn a minimum of 10 certification renewal points during a five-year period from the time of certification for those certified after June 1, 2001.
    6. Certification renewal points may be earned as follows: The Certification Renewal Committee will evaluate applications and may request additional supportive documentation. The Certification Renewal Committee may reject requests for points that are not properly documented or are deemed to be inappropriate.
      1. Employment in the field. Fulltime employment (working 75 percent of the time as a wetland scientist) in the field of wetland science earns two points per year. Less than fulltime employment shall earn points at the following rates:
        60 - 74 percent of time as wetland scientist = 1.5 points/year
        40 - 59 percent of time as wetland scientist = 1.0 points/year
        25 - 39 percent of time as wetland scientist = 0.5 points/year.
        <25% will earn no points
        No more than 8.0 points earned by employment shall be applied to certification renewal during the five-year period. A PWS applying for certification renewal shall provide evidence of employment to substantiate the renewal points in the application.
      2. Wetland instruction. Attendance at a wetland-training course shall earn points at a rate of 0.5 points per 8 hours of training. No more than 2.0 points shall be earned per training course. No more than 8.0 points earned from wetland instruction shall be applied toward certification per five-year period. PWS applying for certification renewal must provide documentation of participation, course instructors, course content, and course length or evidence that the course has been approved by SWSPCP, Inc.
        Non-wetland professional development: SWSPCP recognizes that professional wetland scientists benefit from receiving instruction in fields related to their profession that are not specifically wetland-related. This instruction could include, but not be limited to, ethics, GIS technology, expert witness skill development, environmental document preparation, HazMat/OSHA. Attendance at a non-wetland training course shall earn points at a lower rate than wetland instruction at a rate of 0.25 points per 8 hours of training. No more than 1.0 points shall be earned per training course. No more than 4.0 points earned from non-wetland instruction shall be applied toward certification per five-year period. PWS applying for certification renewal must provide documentation of participation, course instructors, course content, and course length or evidence that the course has been approved by SWSPCP, Inc. AND provide a written justification for the course's applicability to the professional development of the wetland scientist
      3. Wetland training instructor. Refer to criteria for employment in the field.
      4. Publication of technical paper. A PWS may earn certification renewal points for publications made within 5 years of the latest renewal date defined in Table (a)(1) of Section 22 of the Standing Rules. Publication of a wetland-related scientific paper in a peer reviewed journal, monograph, or book shall accrue certification renewal points at the following rates:
        Principal author or co-author of a journal article2.0 points
        Second author1.0 points
        Junior author0.5 points
        Editor or principal author of a monograph or book4.0 points
        Junior author of a book or Monograph or author of a chapter of a book3.0 points
        Co-editor/Associate editor of a book or monograph1.0 point

        No more than 8.0 points for preparation of technical articles shall be applied toward recertification per five-year period. A PWS seeking certification renewal points shall present appropriate evidence of the documents cited such as a copy of the title page or first page with the application for certification renewal.
      5. Presentation of an oral paper or poster at a wetland-related meeting. Preparing and presenting an oral paper or poster shall earn 1.0 renewal point. No more than 8.0 points for preparation of oral papers or posters shall be applied to certification renewal per five-year period. PWS seeking certification renewal points shall present evidence that paper or poster was presented and/or description of the conference or evidence that it has been accepted by SWSPCP, Inc.
      6. Active officer in professional wetland-related organization. Serving an active role as an officer (President, President-elect, Secretary, Treasurer) in a wetland related organization shall earn 1.0 point per year; committee chairs shall earn 0.5 points per year. Active committee members will earn 0.25 points per year. No more than 8.0 points shall be applied to certification renewal per five-year period. PWS seeking certification points shall present evidence of position and active service in an acceptable organization.
      7. Attending a wetland-related conference shall earn renewal points at the rate of 0.5 points per conference lasting a minimum of 8.0 hours per conference. Conferences lasting 16 hours shall earn 1.0 renewal point and conferences lasting more than 16 hours shall earn 1.5 points. No more than 4.0 points for attendance of wetland conferences shall be applied to certification renewal per five-year period. PWS seeking renewal points must submit evidence of participation. Application for points from conferences sponsored by SWSPCP, Inc. need only submit evidence of participation and the length of the conference. Applicants seeking points for other conferences must include a description of the conference, including technical content for approval.
      8. Other. Points for other types of wetland activities may be granted upon submittal of appropriate documentation to the SWSPCP, Inc. Certification Standards Committee. An applicant must obtain authorization for points in this category by making a request to the Chair of the Certification Standards Committee. The Chair will respond to the request after reviewing it with the Certification Standards Committee. Response will be made within 60 days of the receipt of a request. The decision of the Certification Standards Committee shall be final unless the applicant requests a review by the Appeals Board.
  3. Exceptions. Requests for exceptions to the above-described certification renewal criteria will be reviewed by the SWSPCP Certification Renewal Committee, based upon the circumstances and supportive documentation of the petition. The Chair, with consent of a majority of the Certification Renewal Committee members, will make the final decision, and will report to the applicant. The applicant may ask the Appeals Board to review any negative decisions.
  4. Appeal. In the event that an application for certification renewal is denied, the applicant may make a request for reevaluation by the Appeals Board.

Section 27 - Ethics complaint filing and review process.

The SWSPCP, Inc. has a Code of Ethics and Professional Practice which each certified Professional Wetland Scientist (PWS) or Wetland Professional In Training (WPIT) agrees to uphold when making application for certification. If complaints arise and are brought forward by the process defined in these standing rules, the Ethics Committee shall review the complaint and make a decision. The complaints shall be submitted and reviewed as follows:
  1. Ethics complaints must be filed on a form provided by the SWSPCP, Inc. business office and must provide written evidence or affidavit documenting the complaint and must be signed by the complainant. All preliminary complaints will be held in confidence by the Ethics Committee.
    Download the Ethics Complaint Form (PDF)
  2. Once the complaint is received by the Committee for preliminary review it will be judged by the Chair with advice of the full Committee within 14 days as either viable or non-viable. If the complaint is found non-viable, the complainant will be notified of discrepancies, and at the discretion of a majority of the Committee, be allowed to re-submit. If determined to be viable, a copy of the complaint will be sent by certified mail to the member charged (defendant) within 10 days of the decision by the Committee.
  3. The member charged shall prepare a response/rebuttal which shall be returned to the Chair of the Ethics Committee within 60 days of the date that the complaint was sent to the defendant. The defendant may request an additional 30 days extension by the Chair if extenuating circumstances exist that prohibits the defendant from meeting the 60 day deadline. The defendant must provide the Chair with oral or written proof before the end of the first 60 days. Failure to respond within 60 days or, if extended, by the end of the extension period, will not stop the complaint review process.
  4. A closed hearing is scheduled for the SWSPCP, Inc. annual meeting or by telephone conference call or as the Ethics Committee otherwise sets, with reasonable notice. The defendant is notified of the hearing time, place and date and offered the opportunity to attend and present the response/rebuttal (attendance not required).
  5. The complainant is notified of the hearing time, place and date and offered the opportunity to attend and present the complaint (attendance not required).
  6. The Ethics Committee shall utilize the Code of Ethics and Professional Practice as the standards for evaluating the complaint and shall rely on physical evidence, signed and witnessed affidavits, or testimony to ascertain if a violation of the Code of Ethics and Professional Practice has taken place. Hearsay evidence shall not be considered by the Committee. Possible evidence of criminal wrongdoing shall not be considered by SWSPCP, Inc., but shall be referred to the proper authorities. No cross-examination of witnesses by the other party will be allowed.
  7. The Ethics Committee will take one of the following actions:
    1. If there is insufficient evidence to prove that a violation of the Code of Ethics and Professional Practice occurred, the Committee shall overrule the complaint and exonerate the defendant.
    2. If the Ethics Committee finds that a violation of the Code of Ethics and Professional Practice has occurred, the Committee must determine the severity of the violation and, depending on the severity, take one of three actions:
      1. Write a Letter of Reprimand to the defendant.
      2. Place the defendant on probation for a period of two (2) years.
      3. Decertify the defendant as a PWS or WPIT for a period of five (5) years.
  8. The decision of the Ethics Committee will be determined by a majority of committee members at the meeting with a minimum of three necessary to comprise a quorum.
  9. The complainant and defendant will be notified by certified mail of the Ethics Committees' decision within 30 days of the final decision. The letter will specify the specific violation(s) found to have occurred and will be signed by the SWSPCP President. All documents and materials and communications regarding the complaint and the hearing will thereafter be kept in the custody of legal counsel for the Certification Program, unless the Board of Directors makes other appropriate arrangements.
  10. A member issued a Letter of Reprimand will remain listed in the Registry of Professional Wetland Scientists. A Letter of Reprimand may be issued only once within a five (5) year period. Any subsequent violation within the five (5) year period must be addressed through probation or decertification.
  11. A member who has been placed on probation will be delisted from the Registry of Professional Wetland Scientists for the duration of the probationary period. A member may be placed on probation no more than twice within a five (5) year period. Any subsequent violation within the five (5) year period will result in decertification.
    1. A member who has satisfactorily completed the probationary period will be relisted in the Registry of Professional Wetland Scientists.
    2. The member's original certification renewal schedule is not changed by probation. If certification renewal is due during the probationary period, probation must first be completed. Upon satisfactory completion of probation, the certification renewal must be completed, including fee paid, before the person is relisted in the Registry of Professional Wetland Scientists.
    3. A WPIT who has been placed on probation may not apply for PWS certification during the probationary period, and may not use experience while on probation toward experience required for upgrading from WPIT to PWS certification. A WPIT may use experience and training during probation for certification renewal.
  12. A member who has been decertified is not a PWS or WPIT for the decertification period. The decertified person will be delisted from the Registry of Professional Wetland Scientists. At the end of the decertification period, the person may apply for reinstatement as a PWS or WPIT. Requirements for reinstatement are:
    1. Three letters of reference from PWS in good standing, who are not employed by the same organization as the decertified person;
    2. An application fee according to the schedule of fees for a new certification (Section 18); and
    3. Documentation of five (5) years of experience during the previous 10 years that meets the certification renewal requirements in Section 26.
  13. An application for reinstatement will be reviewed by the Certification Review Panel.
  14. The date of reinstatement of a decertified PWS or WPIT is the new certification year for the purpose of certification renewal.
  15. Any person who is decertified twice within a ten (10) year period will not be eligible for reinstatement of their certification.

Section 28 - Duties of the SWS/SWSPCP representative.

  1. The immediate past presidents of SWS and SWSPCP shall work together to identify a candidate representative whose appointment shall be approved by the SWS Board of Directors and endorsed by the SWSPCP Board of Directors.
  2. Responsibilities and Duties of the SWS/SWSPCP Representative shall include:
    1. Attend SWSPCP Board Meetings; report on SWS activities and plans; participate in discussions and vote as a member of the SWSPCP Board of Directors as per Article IV. Section 3. of the SWSPCP Bylaws.
    2. Attend SWS Board Meetings; report on SWSPCP activities and plans; participate in discussions and vote as a member of the SWS Board of Directors as per Article III. Section 4. of the SWS Bylaws.
    3. Promote interactions and common activities between SWS and SWSPCP. These may include but are not limited to social events between members of the boards of directors, sessions on subjects of common interest at SWS annual meetings, and education and outreach to the public.

Section 29. Duties of the CESB Representative and Alternate

  1. In accordance with CESB By-Laws, Section 4.4, the CESB Representative will serve as the CESB voting representative of the SWSPCP in CESB member actions. The CESB Representative must be a current member of the SWSPCP Board or a PWS in good standing.
  2. The CESB Representative and Alternate shall be appointed by the President and approved by the Board of Directors for a five year term. The Alternate will fulfill the duties of the CESB Representative, if he or she is unable to fulfill their duties.
  3. The CESB Representative is a voting member of the Board of Directors.
  4. The CESB Representative, with assistance from the SWSPCP management entity, will be the liaison between SWSPCP and the CESB. The CESB Representative, with assistance from the SWSPCP management entity, will:
    1. Attend the CESB annual meeting or special meeting, and vote in CESB decisions as required. The CESB Representative may, at his or her discretion, consult with the Board on CESB vote decisions.
    2. Communicate information regarding accreditation standing, requirements, changes, and issues to the SWSPCP Board.
    3. Communicate questions and clarification on accreditation and certification program operation to the CESB.
    4. Assist, as directed by the Board, in the renewal of accreditation and fulfillment of accreditation conditions and requirements.

Section 30. Duties of the Public Member

  1. In accordance with CESB Accreditation Guidelines 4.B., the Public Member serves to provide the public, consumers, and sponsoring organizations of SWSPCP with an opportunity to contribute to the formulation of policies and decisions of SWSPCP.
  2. The Public Member shall be appointed by the President and approved by the Board of Directors for a five year term. The Public Member may not be a certified PWS or WPIT. The Public Member should be knowledgeable about wetland policy generally and/or have familiarity with governmental entities or businesses that may employ or contract with a PWS or WPIT, or that may be affected by decisions made by a PWS or WPIT.
  3. The Public Member is a voting member of the Board of Directors.

Section 31. Terms of appointment and duties of the Professional Short Course Review Panel and Chair.

  1. The Professional Short Course Review Panel (PSCRP) shall review and pre-approve proposals from instructors or sponsors of professional short courses, training sessions, webinars and similar programs intended to satisfy requirements for certification or renewal of Professional Wetland Scientist certification by SWSPCP. The PSCRP Chair shall be appointed by the President and approved by the Board of Directors for a three year term and is responsible for leading and working with a PSCRP of nine Professional Wetland Scientists. The PSCRP Chair shall also serve as a member of the Certification Standards Committee. Panel members may be reappointed by the President with approval by the Board of Directors. The current PCSRP Chair shall assist the President in recommending appropriate Panel candidates based on geographical representation, sources of employment, education and experience background, and minority considerations. The Panel is appointed on a rotating basis. For initial formation of the PSCRP, Panel members will be appointed for 1, 2 and 3 year terms respectively. Thereafter, 3 Panel members will be (re) appointed each year.
  2. The PSCRP Chair presides over Panel meetings, which should occur at least annually.
  3. The PSCRP Chair shall have the authority to pre-approve professional short courses, as defined in Section 32 of the Standing Rules for applicants (course sponsors and instructors) who meet all requirements set forth in that Section.
  4. The PSCRP Chair makes recommendations for modifications to the Professional Short Course Pre-approval Program standards and procedures to the SWSPCP Board of Directors, based on specific experiences encountered during processing of applications.
  5. The PSCRP Chair receives copies of all applications from the SWSPCP, Inc. business office and receives all completed review forms from other panelists. The Chair may correspond directly with applicants concerning any and all aspects of individual applications, including approvals and appeals.
  6. The PSCRP Chair records all decisions made by the Panel with the SWSPCP Inc. business office, who maintains master files of the Professional Short Course Pre-approval Program.

Section 32. Professional Short Course Pre-Approval Program Requirements and Standards

  1. Applicants seeking certification as a Professional Wetland Scientist or seeking certification renewal are required to document specialized wetland course work. Such training may consist of professional short courses or continuing education courses. The content of such courses varies widely and in many cases may have little applicability to wetland science. To help applicants ensure that professional short courses will be accepted by the Certification Review Panel and the Certification Renewal Committee, proponents of said courses may apply to the Professional Short Course Pre-Approval Program to have their courses evaluated and pre-approved. Such approval provides certain predictability that the course offered will receive credit or points, as appropriate, by applicants seeking PWS certification or certification renewal. This program is not intended for regular semester or quarter hour courses offered by accredited colleges or universities.
  2. A proposed course must meet both criteria (Course Content and Instructor Qualifications) described below:
    1. Appropriate course content. At least one of the following standards must be met.
      1. Course title and content clearly fall within current educational requirements for certification of professional wetland scientists established by SWSPCP, or
      2. Course content clearly falls within the professional wetland scientist's Body of Knowledge developed by SWSPCP, or
      3. Course title and content are acceptable by a majority of the SWSPCP Professional Short Course Review Panel.
    2. Qualified instructor(s). Each instructor in the course must meet at least one of the following standards.
      1. instructor(s) are certified Professional Wetland Scientists (PWS) by SWSPCP and are in good standing, or
      2. instructor(s) are professionally registered or certified in a discipline appropriate for the proposed course by a recognized professional society or government entity acceptable to SWSPCP, such as, but not limited to, a Certified Ecologist, Certified Wildlife Biologist, Certified Professional Soil Scientist, Certified or Registered Professional Geologist, Certified Professional Hydrologist, or Professional Engineer, or
      3. instructor(s) are currently employed as teaching/research faculty in an appropriate discipline at an accredited university, college, or equivalent educational institution, or
      4. Instructor credentials are acceptable by a majority of the SWSPCP Professional Short Course Review Panel and Chair.
    3. Potential reasons for denial or withdrawal of course or instructor approval, at SWSPCP discretion (this list is not exhaustive):
      1. Course content no longer meets one or more of the required standards for appropriate course content listed above.
      2. Actual course content is inappropriate, unscientific, or otherwise fails to meet general standards of technical accuracy and unbiased presentation.
      3. Instructor no longer meets one or more of the required instructor qualifications listed above.
      4. Instructor is ineffective, abusive, discriminatory, or otherwise fails to meet acceptable standards of professional behavior, ethics, or competence.
    4. Examples of approvable professional short courses, continuing education, and/or training may include, but are not limited to, the following: Wetland Hydrology; General Hydrology; Soil Morphology, Classification, and Mapping; Hydric Soil Identification; Wetland Restoration and Creation; Wetland Delineation/Evaluation/Classification; Applied Wetland Ecology and Management; Wetland Plant Taxonomy; Advanced Plant Taxonomy; Wetland Creation/Mitigation; Wetland Ecology; Stream Delineation, Assessment and Management; Federal, State, Provincial or Tribal Regulations and Policy; Permitting Programs. Training courses offered at professional society meetings satisfying all other requirements in this Section may be approved. However, general attendance at professional meetings or symposia will NOT qualify to meet this requirement.
    5. Course sponsors and instructors seeking pre-approval of professional wetland short courses must provide the following information to assist the Professional Short Course Review Panel in assessing the applicability of the course to wetland science and determining course valuation in equivalent semester hours (see Section 18(a)(6) of the Standing Rules for valuation standards):
      1. Name, address and contact information for course sponsor, if any.
      2. Name, address, contact information and a professional resume for each instructor. The resume should include all professional certifications and registrations and teaching experience directly related to wetland science or practice. Include dates, location and a listing of the relevant wetland courses taught. Limit the resume to two (2) pages of 12 font type.
      3. Provide a course syllabus which describes the course objectives, an outline or discussion of the course content, schedule of instruction, exams and grading criteria. Limit the syllabus to two (2) pages of 12 font type.
      4. All applicants must pay a non-refundable fee of which must accompany the application.
        Individual Courses per year*1-56-1011-15>15
        Course and Instructor Approval fee$650$1,200$1,700$2,500
        Initial 2-Year Renewal Fee$300$600$900$1,200
        Thereafter 5-Year Renewal Fee$500$1,000$1,500$2,000

        *Individual courses are characterized as separate courses taught by the same sponsor/instructor, such as wetland delineation and wetland hydrology, not the number of times an individual course is taught during any calendar year.
        Checks must be made payable to the Society of Wetland Scientists Professional Certification Program, or simply "SWSPCP". The application fee for courses offered or sponsored by the Society of Wetland Scientists at the national and chapter annual meetings will be waived.
      5. Each course sponsor and/or instructor must include and endorse by signing the following statement in their application package:
        "I certify under penalty of law that this application package and all attachments and information contained herein is, to the best of my knowledge and belief, true, accurate, and complete. I am aware that there are significant penalties for submitting false information or misrepresenting true facts. Further, I understand that course pre-approval is voluntary and a privilege, which is subject to termination as described under these rules and can be done with or without cause, but shall not be done for any discrimination purposes related to race, creed or gender."
      6. Approved professional short courses will remain valid for a period of 2 years from the date of initial approval, and then subject to a 5-year review and renewal cycle thereafter, unless approval is withdrawn by SWSPCP as described in Section (3) above, or sponsors/instructors voluntarily withdraw the course. Sponsors/instructors wishing to extend course approval may re-apply at any time. However, if a course is taught without pre-approval, an applicant for PWS certification or certification renewal seeking credit for the course will not be guaranteed automatic credit.
      7. Should a new instructor wish to teach a professional short course which has been pre-approved by SWSPCP, that instructor must make application to SWSPCP for approval. The instructor must provide the necessary information established in Section (b)(2) and provide a signed statement as established in Section (b)(5)(E) above. No fee will be charged for this review.
    6. A professional short course evaluation form is provided on the SWSPCP website. At the beginning and the end of each short course the instructor(s) are required to inform the students of the existence of the short course evaluation form and encourage them to complete and submit the form to the SWSPCP business office. Course sponsors and instructors may also download the form and utilize the form for their own feedback.
    7. Appeal Process.
      Any applicant (course sponsor or instructor) aggrieved by a decision of the Professional Short Course Review Panel has the right to request a review of the decision. The review shall be conducted by SWSPCP Appeals Board. The format for the Appeal is specified below:
      1. The course sponsor or instructor must submit a request for appeal to the SWSPCP, Inc. business office within 60 days of the date of the Professional Short Course Review Panel decision. Specific reasons for the appeal must be stated by the applicant. Upon request by the Chair of the Appeals Board, the Chair of the Professional Short Course Review Panel shall provide the comments and recommendations from the Review Panel that were used in reaching their decision.
      2. The SWSPCP, Inc. business office shall transmit the appeal and all appropriate application materials to each member of the Appeals Board.
      3. The Appeals Board shall have 30 days from the time of receipt of an appeal to conduct a review of the materials and prepare a finding. The finding will be prepared in writing from the Appeals Board Chair to the President.
      4. The President makes the final decision and responds to the applicant, with a copy of the response to the SWSPCP Inc. business office and the Professional Short Course Review Panel Chair.
      5. The decision made by the SWSPCP is final, and not subject to review by any court, or in a further hearing.

Last updated on June 19, 2017.

 

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Society of Wetland Scientists Professional Certification Program
Last Updated 6/19/17